The firm’s commercial litigation practice is as varied as our clients’ businesses. We routinely litigate in State and Federal Courts over a wide variety of matters, including:

  • Commercial and residential real estate
  • Commercial Landlord/Tenant and third party vendor disputes
  • Development, construction and mechanic’s liens
  • Corporate, joint venture and limited liability company disputes
  • Commercial lending/foreclosure matters
  • Employment and independent contractor issues
  • Fraud, RICO and intentional torts
  • Intellectual property.


The firm’s transaction and advisory practices frequently blend together, as we are often consulted for advice in some regard, and subsequently carry out the drafting of documents or formalizing the process for contract formation and review that our clients implement. A sample of the transaction services Trout Downing LLC offers are:

  • Commercial real estate transactions and like-kind real estate exchanges, including the acquisition, disposition, leasing and management of retail, office, industrial and multi-family properties
  • Drafting and negotiating commercial, construction and third-party vendor contracts, including AIA contracts for contractors, architects and engineers
  • Drafting and negotiating non-disclosure, confidentiality and work-for-hire agreements and non-compete and employment contracts
  • Debt financings and workouts, commercial restructuring and cross-collateralization of commercial real estate
  • Drafting and negotiating operating agreements, joint venture and shareholder agreements
  • Buy/sell agreements
  • Entity formation; non-for-profit and for-profit.


Whether they are contemplating a start-up business or are managing a multi-million dollar real estate portfolio, our clients often consult our firm on a variety of matters affecting their business. Our firm insists on getting to get to know our clients, their concerns and the challenges they face on a day-to-day basis and offer opinions regarding:

  • By-laws and operating agreement compliance
  • Long term strategy and business planning
  • Preliminary intellectual property concerns
  • Private equity strategy, structuring, business plans and private placement memos
  • Employment, non-compete, non-disclosure, work-for-hire and consulting agreements
  • Government licensing and compliance